Tuesday, February 3, 2009

1976 Presidential Primary Calendar

January 19: Iowa caucuses (both parties)
January 24: Mississippi Democratic caucuses
January 27: Hawaii Republican caucuses

February: Maine Democratic caucuses (all month long)
February 4: Wyoming Republican caucuses (all month through March 5)
February 7: Oklahoma Democratic caucuses
February 10: Alaska Democratic caucuses
February 24: Minnesota caucuses (both parties), New Hampshire primary
February 28: South Carolina Democratic caucuses

March 2: Massachusetts primary, Vermont primary (beauty contest--no delegates at stake), Washington caucuses (both parties)
March 9: Hawaii Democratic caucuses, Florida primary
March 12: South Carolina Republican caucuses (through March 13)
March 14: Wyoming Democratic caucuses
March 16: Illinois primary
March 19: Kansas Republican caucuses
March 23: Connecticut Republican caucuses, North Carolina primary
March 27: Mississippi Republican caucuses
March 29: Maine Republican caucuses

April 3: Kansas Democratic caucuses, Virginia Democratic caucuses
April 5: Oklahoma Republican caucuses
April 6: New York primary, Wisconsin primary
April 19: Missouri Republican caucuses (through April 24)
April 20: Missouri Democratic caucuses
April 22: New Mexico Democratic caucuses
April 24: Arizona Democratic caucuses/Republican convention, Vermont caucuses (both parties)
April 25: New Mexico Republican caucuses (through May 1)
April 27: North Dakota Democratic caucuses, Pennsylvania primary

May 1: Louisiana Democratic caucuses, North Dakota Republican caucuses (through June 14), Texas primary
May 3: Colorado caucuses (both parties)
May 4: Alabama primary, Georgia primary, Indiana primary
May 8: Louisiana Republican caucuses (through May 15)
May 11: Connecticut Democratic caucuses, Nebraska primary, West Virginia primary
May 14: Virginia Republican caucuses (through May 15)
May 17: Utah caucuses (both parties)
May 22: Alaska Republican caucuses
May 18: Maryland primary, Michigan primary
May 25: Arkansas primary, Idaho primary, Kentucky primary, Nevada primary, Oregon primary, Tennessee primary

June 1: Montana primary (Democrats only, Republican beauty contest--no delegates at stake), Rhode Island primary, South Dakota primary
June 8: California primary, New Jersey primary, Ohio primary
June 11: Delaware Democratic convention
June 19: Delaware Republican convention
June 26: Montana Republican convention

[Primaries in bold]

[Source: Congressional Quarterly and news accounts from 1976. The latter was used to double-check the dates or discover missing ones.]

A few notes:
1) The number of shared dates between state contests was relatively few in 1976.
2) Relatedly, the closest thing to a Super Tuesday in 1976 was May 25. Six states held primaries on that date. Outside of that, there were several dates with three contests, but that was the most.
3) Barely half of the contests were primaries (28 if you count the Montana primary.). The remaining states held caucuses, and of those caucus states, only 5 held both their Democratic and Republican contests on the same date. That leaves 17 states with separate dates for their major party caucuses. That number climbs to 18 if you count the Montana primary/convention split between the Democrats and Republicans, respectively.

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